A child in conflict with the law shall be treated without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child's, or his or her parents' or legal guardian's, race, colour, gender, language, religion, political or other opinions, national, ethnic or social origin or descent, property, disability, medical situation, birth or other status.
Best interests of the child
The best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration when any action is taken or any decision is made under this Law.
All measures taken in relation to a child in conflict with the law shall be in proportion to the circumstances and gravity of the offence and to the circumstances and educational, social and other needs of the child.
Primacy of alternative measures to judicial proceedings (diversionary measures)
Whenever appropriate, alternative measures to judicial proceedings (diversionary measures) for dealing with a child in conflict with the law shall be considered. Any non-judicial measures or actions used as alternative measures to judicial proceedings (diversionary measures) shall ensure that the human rights of the child and legal safeguards are fully respected.
Every child in conflict with the law has the right to participate in decisions affecting him or her, and in particular, to be given the opportunity to be heard in any judicial or administrative proceedings. He or she shall have the right to be heard either directly or through a legal (or other) representative (or appropriate body) and for his or her views to be taken into account in accordance with his or her age and maturity.
Proceedings without delay
Actions taken under law and rules in relation to a child in conflict with the law shall be taken expeditiously from the outset and without any unnecessary delay.
Presumption of innocence
Every child in conflict with the law has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty in accordance with the law.
Detention as a measure of last resort
Deprivation of liberty shall be imposed on a child in conflict with the law only as a measure oflast resort, shall be limited to the shortest appropriate period of time and shall be subject to regularreview.